Hypothyroidism and Bones: Risks and Care

Learn how hypothyroidism affects your bones. Discover the risks, care, and prevention. Keep your bones healthy with the right treatment.

Have you ever wondered how hypothyroidism affects your bones? In this article, we will delve into what hypothyroidism is and the role of thyroid hormones in bone metabolism. We’ll discuss all the hormones produced by the thyroid gland, investigate whether hypothyroidism affects the production of calcitonin, and most importantly, understand the risks that hypothyroidism may pose to your bone health. Additionally, we’ll learn about the necessary care and prevention measures to keep your bones healthy when hypothyroidism is present.


What Is Hypothyroidism?


Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones to meet the body’s needs. These hormones play a crucial role in regulating metabolism, affecting virtually every organ and tissue, including the bones.


Thyroid Hormones and Bone Metabolism


Thyroid hormones, including thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), play a vital role in bone health. They help regulate bone remodeling, which is the continuous process of bone tissue breakdown and reconstruction.


Hormones Produced in the Thyroid


In addition to T4 and T3, the thyroid gland also produces calcitonin, a hormone with a direct role in bone health. Calcitonin inhibits bone resorption, helping to maintain bone density.


Hypothyroidism and Calcitonin: Is There a Connection?


The relationship between hypothyroidism and calcitonin is complex. While hypothyroidism indirectly affects calcitonin production, calcitonin levels are not typically used to diagnose or monitor hypothyroidism.


Risks of Hypothyroidism in Bone Metabolism


Untreated hypothyroidism can result in various risks to bone health, including:


  1. Loss of Bone Density: Low thyroid hormone levels can lead to bone density loss, increasing the risk of osteoporosis.


  1. Bone Fractures: Bone fragility due to hypothyroidism can raise the likelihood of fractures, even from minor falls.


  1. Delayed Bone Healing: Hypothyroidism can impair the body’s ability to heal bones after fractures.


Care and Prevention


Fortunately, there are care and prevention measures that can help protect bone health in the presence of hypothyroidism. Here are some important recommendations:


  1. Treatment of Hypothyroidism: Effective treatment of hypothyroidism with synthetic thyroid hormones can help maintain bone health.


  1. Calcium and Vitamin D Supplementation: Consult your doctor about supplementing these nutrients to support bone health.


  1. Strength-Building Exercises: Resistance and strength exercises can help improve bone density.


  1. Avoid Excessive Smoking and Alcohol: These habits can harm bone health and should be avoided.


  1. Regular Assessments: Have bone density tests regularly to monitor your bone health.




Hypothyroidism can affect bone metabolism and increase the risk of bone issues, but with proper care and treatment, these risks can be minimized. Stay informed, follow medical guidance, and take care of your bone health, even when hypothyroidism is present.

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