Diabetes and Care: How to Prevent and Treat the Disease

Diabetes is a non-communicable chronic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. Among the main complications associated with it are heart attack, heart failure, stroke, kidney failure, loss of vision, altered sensitivity in the lower limbs, and subsequent ulcers and amputations. There are different types of diabetes, such as Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes, as well as prediabetes, which is a condition where blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not yet considered diabetes.


The Different Types of Diabetes


Type 1 Diabetes is usually of hereditary origin and often manifests in adulthood but can also occur in childhood. In this type of diabetes, the body does not produce insulin, the hormone responsible for controlling blood glucose. Type 2 Diabetes is frequently associated with a sedentary lifestyle, overweight, high triglycerides, hypertension, and poor eating habits. In this case, the body produces insulin, but the body’s cells do not respond adequately to it.


Main Symptoms and How to Prevent


Symptoms of diabetes include frequent hunger, constant thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, weakness, recurrent bladder, kidney, and skin infections, and blurry vision. It is essential to be attentive to these signs and seek a doctor’s advice if they persist.


Preventing diabetes involves adopting some healthy habits in daily life. A balanced diet that includes vegetables, fruits (at least three servings daily), is crucial. Reducing salt, sugar, and fat intake is also essential to prevent the development of the disease. Additionally, quitting habits like smoking is necessary since smoking can worsen diabetes symptoms.


Regular physical activity is another crucial factor in preventing diabetes. It is recommended to engage in physical activities for at least 30 minutes every day, which will also help maintain weight control.


Treatment and Specific Care


The treatment of Type 1 Diabetes involves daily insulin injections to maintain blood glucose within normal values. Each person may have a different ideal glucose concentration, so it is recommended that the patient has a glucose meter at home to regularly monitor their glucose levels.


In the case of Type 2 Diabetes, treatment may vary. Depending on the stage of the disease and the patient’s response to medications, it may be necessary to use drugs that stimulate insulin production by the pancreas or block carbohydrate digestion.


Importance of Medical Monitoring


Regardless of the type of diabetes, medical monitoring is essential for effective and safe treatment. The doctor will assess each patient’s condition, determine the best treatment, and monitor the disease’s progression. In addition, regular monitoring is also important to prevent complications and ensure a better quality of life for the patient.


Care in Diabetes


Diabetes is a serious disease that requires special care. Adopting healthy habits such as a balanced diet, regular physical exercise, and avoiding smoking are essential measures to prevent the development of the disease. If the diagnosis is confirmed, it is essential to follow the treatment recommended by the doctor, carry out appropriate glucose level monitoring, and follow all guidelines to ensure a healthy life and well-being. Prevention and care are the best weapons in the fight against diabetes.

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