Hypertension and Anesthesia: What You Need to Know in Dental Treatments

Hypertension and Anesthesia: What You Need to Know in Dental Treatments

Many patients and healthcare professionals have questions about how chronic conditions, such as hypertension, can affect dental care. Today, we are going to clarify these doubts and highlight the importance of specific care for hypertensive patients.


Understanding Hypertension


Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of blood pressure in the arteries, and can be identified when systolic and diastolic pressure exceed 140/90 mmHg. This condition requires the heart to work more intensely to distribute blood throughout the body, and can be influenced genetically and by lifestyle habits.


Preanesthetic evaluation: a necessity


Before any dental procedure, it is vital to perform a pre-anesthetic evaluation. This examination allows the anesthesiologist to understand the patient’s health history and choose the most appropriate techniques for safe and effective care.


Safe Anesthetics for Hypertensive Patients


There are local anesthetics that, associated with specific vasoconstrictors, are safe for patients with controlled hypertension. Felypressin and epinephrine are the most recommended vasoconstrictors for these cases, acting effectively at therapeutic doses without significant risks of adverse cardiovascular effects.


Felypressin: A Safe Option


Felypressin, widely used in Europe, Canada and Brazil, is known for its selective action on vascular smooth muscle without affecting the heart, making it a safe option for hypertensive patients.


Conclusion: Professional Consultation is Essential


To clarify doubts and ensure adequate treatment, consultation with a specialist is indispensable. With the right professional, it is possible to perform safe and effective dental procedures for hypertensive patients.

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